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Sam Houston Memorial Museum Complex

Sam Houston Memorial Museum without wings, 1937. Located at 1826 Sam Houston Avenue this Texas Centennial monument has obvious overtones to Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. Although a down scale and stark imitation, the Paladin design features, include the octagonal dome and a portico in the central pavilion with unadorned flanking wings. The museum was built in 1936-1937 in honor of the statewide Texas Centennial celebration. Harry D. Payne, a native of St. Louis, designed the building. He was a prominent architect responsible for many buildings in Houston and throughout the state, including the H. F. Estill House at 1614 University Avenue in Huntsville. The museum is dedicated to the memory of General Sam Houston (1793-1863), and is the centerpiece of the Sam Houston Memorial Complex, which contains three original buildings directly associated with Houston. A native of Virginia, Houston served as governor of Tennessee before moving to Texas in 1835. He quickly became immersed in the politics and military affairs of the state , and rose to prominence as the commander of the victorious Texas forces at the Battle of San Jacinto in 1836. After serving two terms as President of the Republic of Texas, Houston went on to serve as a Senator from Texas for fourteen years, and was Texas governor from 1859-1861, when his unpopular pro-Union stance forced him from office. He died in Huntsville in July 1863.